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diogenes99
17-01-05, 19:44
I need some help with the following. I am expecially curious about the sentence that seems to mention poisoning. There is some interesting stuff about the saltpepper making that I want to get right.

Thanks, Michael Swanson

Efter fredsslutet 1721 började kronan sända rikssvenska sjudare till Österbotten för att lära bönderna koka salpeter. Av någon anledning kom de skickligaste sjudarna från Småland. Till Vörå kom bland andre den 19-årige salpetersjudaren SuneHansson år 1745. Han stationerades i de södra byarna i Vörå. Smålänningen Sune förälskade sig i den två år äldre Anna Hansdotter på Israels. Annas mor Brita hade överlevt kosackernas härjningar. Brita var vid tiden för slaget vid Napo 13 år.Britas far Anders återvände aldrig från slaget. Sune lärde ut sjuderiets hemligheter till bygdens unga män och var samtidigt bonde på Israels. Hans svåger Matts Hansson blev en av lärjungarna. Omkring 1760 delades Israels hemman mellan Sune och Matts. Matts sålde sin hemmansdel till Erik Mårtensson - också en av Sunes sjudarlärlingar. Vid en bouppteckning på Israels 1814 befanns en sjättedel i en ny sjudarpanna vara värd 19 rubel, medan boets tillgångar med mark, kreatur och lösöre var 196 rubel. En brännvinnspanna värderades till 7 rubel.

Anna Hansdotter Israels var barnlös änka då hon gifte sig med Sune Hansson.
(Bror K. Åkerblom, Vörå sockens Historia I, Åbo 1937 s. 345)
Enligt giftaboken var hon piga, och det står ingenting om att hon var änka. Detta gör att Åkerblom troligtvis har fel.

syrene
17-01-05, 21:32
Hi,
Saltpeter (potassium nitrate) was used in munitions.
"After the conclusion of peace, the crown began to send "refiners" of saltpeter from Sweden to Swedish Ostrobothnia, to teach farmers how to "boil" saltpeter. For some reason, the best refiners came from Småland (a province in southern Sweden). Among others who came to Vörå. the 19-year old saltpeter refiner Sune Hansson arrived in 1745. He was stationed in the southern communities of Vörå. Sune the man from Småland fell in love with Anna Hansdotter at Israels (farm). She was two years older than he. Anna's mother Brita had survived the raids by cossacks. At the time of the battle at Nevo, Brita was 13 years old. Brita's father Anders never returned from the battle. Sune taught the secrets of refining saltpeter to the young men of the community and at the same time ran the Israels farm. His brother-in-law Matts Hansson became one of the apprentices. About 1760, the farm/homestead was divided between Matts and Sune. Matts sold his his share to Erik Mårtensson, also an apprentice. The Israels estate inventory taken in 1814. it is stated that a one-sixth share in a boiler [large kettle] was worth 19 rubels, while the farm's assets, including animals, land, and personal property was worth 196 rubels. A vodka/aquavit/spirits boiler was valued at 7 rubels.

Anna Hansdotter Israels was a childless widow when she married Sune Hansson. (Source: Bror V. Åkerblom, Vörå parish history, volume I, published in Åbo in 1937, p. 345.)
According to the churchbooks' record of marriages, Anna was a maid, and nothing is said of her being a widow. That makes it likely that Åkerblom is wrong.
This is a rough translation, and since I know nothing about cooking saltpeter, that section can be improved. But I know that early settlers in the western mountains of Pennsylvania were in the habit of maintaining ovens at saltpeter deposits. Personally I believe those people were early descendents of the New Sweden colonists on the Delaware River. (Settlement began in 1638, and the colonists spread quickly in a radial pattern into the wilderness, seeking new forested land which they could clear to raise rye and flax. Names from the colony can be tracked through land sales and tax registers. See Peter Stebbins Craig's research, and the Swedish Colonial Society website. One of SFHS' members has researched her family in Georgia and Tennessee which descended from the Colony.)
Regards
Syrene

diogenes99
17-01-05, 23:21
Thank you for your quick and thorough translation!

Mike