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June Pelo
02-04-08, 23:53
Be sure to read the final paragraph; your understanding of it will depend on the earlier part of the content.

The US standard railroad gauge (distance between the rails) is 4 feet, 8.5 inches. That's an exceedingly odd number.

Why was that gauge used? Because that's the way they built them in England, and English expatriates built the US railroads.

Why did the English build them like that? Because the first rail lines were built by the same people who built the pre-railroad tramways, and that's the gauge they used.

Why did 'they' use that gauge then? Because the people who built the tramways used the same jigs and tools that they used for building wagons, which used that wheel spacing.

Why did the wagons have that particular odd wheel spacing? Well, if they tried to use any other spacing, the wagon wheels would break on some of the old, long distance roads in England, because that's the spacing of the wheel ruts.

So who built those old rutted roads? Imperial Rome built the first long distance roads in Europe (and England ) for their legions. The roads have been used ever since.

And the ruts in the roads? Roman war chariots formed the initial ruts, which everyone else had to match for fear of destroying their wagon wheels. Since the chariots were made for Imperial Rome, they were all alike in the matter of wheel spacing. Therefore the United States standard railroad gauge of 4 feet, 8.5 inches is derived from the original specifications for an Imperial Roman war chariot. Bureaucracies live forever.

So the next time you are handed a Specification/Procedure/Process and wonder 'What horse's ass came up with it?' you may be exactly right. Imperial Roman army chariots were made just wide enough to accommodate the rear ends of two war horses. (Two horses' asses.) Now, the twist to the story:

When you see a Space Shuttle sitting on its launch pad, there are two big booster rockets attached to the sides of the main fuel tank. These are solid rocket boosters, or SRB's. The SRB's are made by Thiokol at their factory in Utah. The engineers who designed the SRB's would have preferred to make them a bit fatter, but the SRB's had to be shipped by train from the factory to the launch site. The railroad line from the factory happens to run through a tunnel in the mountains, and the SRB's had to fit through that tunnel. The tunnel is slightly wider than the railroad track, and the railroad track, as you now know, is about as wide as two horses' behinds.

So, a major Space Shuttle design feature of what is arguably the world's most advanced transportation system was determined over two thousand years ago by the width of a horse's ass. And you thought being a horse's ass wasn't important? Ancient horse's asses control almost everything... and CURRENT Horses Asses are controlling everything else. ;)

D J Granlund
03-04-08, 16:26
Dear Cousin June,

I smiled many times reading about the progression. But, the final thought was certainly profound. Thank you for the sunshine today. David :)

sune
07-04-08, 14:07
In Finland the railroad gauge is exactly five feet (1524 millimeters) because thats the was Russian Imperial gauge. One could think that the Russian horses had wider asses or that the three horse troika demanded more width. (The Romans never built any roads in Russia because they never bothered to enter the vast country).

According to Finnish Wikipedia the Russians decided to use the same gauge that was in use at that time in the southern states of the USA.

One of the ironies is that the Sovyet Union changed to a gauge of 1520 millimeters in the 1950ies, because the wanted it to be more compatible with the SI-system. The new gauge was implemented by bending each rail two millimeters inwards. In 1959 the Finnish railroad authority defined a new gauge of 1520 millimeters, but it was never taken into use. So Finland is probably the only country in the western world with real Dixie railroads.

Sune