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Historical calendar for Swedish Österbotten


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  • 1303, 1 June ([1])
Lappfjärd, Tjöck and Sastmola mentioned for the first time. Land owners there were granted permission from King Birger to continue to cultivate the wooded ground in Tavastland.
  • 1348, 13 Feb ([2])
Settlers in Närpes, Mustasaari and Pedersöre received a royal authorization granting freedom among themselves to buy and sell "all sorts of things."
  • 1357, 7 Sep ([3])
Erik XII certified in Åbo commercial freedom for people of Österbotten.
  • 1384, 10 Apr
Korsholm manor house mentioned under the name Crysseborgh when Bo Jönsson Grip commissioned 10 noblemen to manage fief until son Knut became of age.
  • 1434, summer
Erik Puke gathered people of Österbotten and sent them under Joen Folkesson to Åland, where Kastelholm was conquered by the Danish.
  • 1440, 17 Aug
The present boundary between Kvevlax and Korsholm was established.
  • 1491, 8 Aug
The parish boundary between Malax and Petalax was merged.
  • 1533, 18 Nov
Gustav Vasa restricted commercial freedom for people of Österbotten so they hereafter could only "barter food for food."
  • 1556, 4 Apr
Gustav Vasa ordered the bailiff of Korsholm to establish a breeding farm at Korsholm. At the same time he ordered the same at Pinnonäs in Pedersöre.
  • 1597, 24 Feb
The men of Klubb suffered defeat by Clas Fleming's horsemen at Santavuori in Ilmola.
  • 1602, 18 Feb
Duke Karl was at Vörå parsonage to deal with petitions of the country people.
  • 1606, 2 Oct
Karl IX issued a letter of foundation for the city of Vasa.
  • 1607, 22 Aug
Karl IX gave his consent to a request from Kronoby that Påras chapel become an independent parish.
  • 1608, 28 Jul
Governor Isak Behm received authority to perform land reform and tax review in Österbotten.
  • 1608, 14 Dec
Jakob de la Gardie received Pedersöre and Nykarleby parish as fiefs.
  • 1613, 13 Mar
Gustav II Adolf was at Korsholm, on his way south, and met with a great many petitioners and gave 14 decisions.
  • 1620, 7 Sep
Nykarleby and Gamlakarleby received city charters.
  • 1628, 19 Aug
Bishop Isak Rothovius given permission to hold divine services in the chapel that was built in Solv.
  • 1641, 3 Feb
Common school opened in Nykarleby.
  • 1642, 25 Feb
Vasa province was separated from Uleåborg province and given a separate governor, Hans Kyle, who received a letter of administration for the first time.
  • 1643, 29 Dec
Mail began to go from Stockholm, across Torneå, Uleåborg,
Gamlakarleby and Vasa to Åbo.
  • 1649, 5 Dec
Per Brahe, at Åbo castle, issued a letter of foundation for Kristinestad.
  • 1650, 19 Jun
Jakob de la Gardie received Pedersöre parish (218 homes) as a fief.
  • 1651, 26 Mar
Gabriel Bengtsson Oxenstierna received counties of Korsholm and Vasa as fiefs.
  • 1652, 20 Mar
Klas Åkesson Tott received Nykarleby, Lappo, Ilmola and north Vörå as fiefs; the earldom Carleborg was established.
  • 1652, 27 Oct
Fru Ebba Brahe commanded Sheriff Henrik Tavast to establish Jakobstad and granted a city charter.
  • 1669, 31 Jan
The first church in Terjärv was dedicated.
  • 1674, 10 Dec
Karl XI reclaimed fiefs in Österbotten for the crown.
  • 1676, 1 Mar
Bishop John Gezelius, on a visit to Vörå, allowed Oravais residents to have their own pastor.
  • 1683, 11 Jan
Karl XI ordered the common school in Nykarleby to be moved to Vasa.
  • 1684, 2 Feb
Residents in Korsnäs established a contract of stipend for their pastor.
  • 1686, 5 Aug
Juryman Jakob Knutsson (Puss) from Munsala was elected as a member of parliament.
  • 1692, 28 Dec
Kvevlax church consecrated.
  • 1696, 7 Aug
hard night frost
  • 1696, 23 Aug
hard night frost caused "great famine."
  • 1702, 20 Jul
Residents in Portom established a contract of stipend for their pastor.
  • 1706, 25 Jan
Residents of Maxmo received permission to build their own church
  • 1714, 19 Feb
Finnish army was defeated at Napo village in Storkyro, whereby entire Österbotten was devastated by the Russians.
  • 1732, 6 Jun
Fredrik I gave permission for the chapel in Esse to be consecrated to the church.
  • 1733, 14 Aug
Representatives for the country people in southern Österbotten signed in Vasa a contract whereby permanent soldiers were brought in.
  • 1742, 1 Oct
General Kinderman opened in Vasa an agricultural day which will procure upkeep for the Russian soldiers.
  • 1743, 28 Sep
Johan David Cneiff appointed as consulate for sheep farming in Österbotten. He was the first agricultural consulate in our part of the country; lived in Kaskö, active over 20 years.
  • 1749, 25 Aug
The king imposed the method by which the new tax levy in Österbotten shall be carried out.
  • 1752, 14 Jul
The king agreed to a request from farmers in Nedervetil to build their own church.
  • 1752, 18,18 Jul
King Adolf Fredrik was in Vörå on a trip around northern Österbotten to Stockholm.
  • 1757, 5 Apr
The king decreed an amalgamation of small holdings, an order that had great significance for Österbotten.
  • 1765, 10 Oct
Permission received from the king to establish a hospital in Österbotten. It was opened in Nov 1768 and became Vasa county hospital.
  • 1765, 12 Oct
A highway from Taby-Närpes was authorized by the king; it was finished 1777.
  • 1765, 3 Dec
Uleåborg, Gamlakarleby and Vasa received complete commodity freedom.
  • 1766, 20 Apr
Jakob Påhlsson Heikus of Vörå, most valued member of parliament during Swedish times, died on the weak ice on Oravais fjörd on the way to church.
  • 1766, 20 Nov
Farmers in Österbotten received full sailing freedom.
  • 1775, 28 Jun
Gustav III issued a new decree concerning the amalgamation of small holdings into large production units in Finland by which an upper limit was reached for the acreage each mantal shall receive any surplus ground delivered to the Crown for new construction. The ordinance had greatest importance for settlement and the extension of culture in Österbotten.
  • 1776, 28 Jun
Gustav III issued a decree instituting the Vasa court of appeals.
  • 1776, 26 Sep
A printing works, the first in Österbotten, was transferred on Alderman Töhlberg's vessel to Vasa.
  • 1782, 24 Mar
Replot, Vallgrund and Björko villagemen united and built their own church at Replot.
  • 1785, 14 Jul
Gustaf III decreed that Sideby become a separate congregation.
  • 1785, 30 Jul
Kaskö received a city charter.
  • 1786, 1 Nov
Vasa dedicated the newly built court of appeals.
  • 1803, 1 Feb
Pastor Anders Chydenius of Karleby died.
  • 1804, 5 Feb
Johan Ludvig Runeberg born in Jakobstad.
  • 1808, 23 Jun
Colonel Johan Bergenstråle, with 1090 men, landed in Österhankmo and marched to Vasa.
  • 1808, 24 Jun
Battle in Vasa. The Swedes retreated and the Russians plundered the city.
  • 1808, 20 Jul
Battle at Finby bridge in Närpes.
  • 1808, 13 Sep
Fight at Jutas.
  • 1809, 5 Feb
Senior Juryman and member of parliament Hans Mickels from Finby, Närpes died.
  • 1814, 23 Jan
Peter Klockars of Nykarleby and speaker for peasants at Borgå agricultural day 1809, died.
  • 1816, 1 Mar
Peter Johan Bladh, Kaskö city creator, died at his estate Benvik.
  • 1816, 31 Mar
Erik Cainberg from Nedervetil, the first known sculptor of Finland, died in Åbo.
  • 1818, 14 Jan
Zachris Topelius born in Nykarleby.
  • 1821, 31 Aug
After a severe northern storm, the frost took the entire harvest.
  • 1821, 13 Dec
The Czar ordered that the fairs held in the countryside in Finland shall be done away with.
  • 1839, 1 Jan
The first edition of Vasa Tidning, Swedish Österbotten's first newspaper, came out.
  • 1841, 8 Jan
The Växel branch of Finland's bank opened in Vasa.
  • 1847, 2 Jan
Vasa savings bank, the first savings bank in Österbotten, opened.
  • 1849, 10 Oct
Technical secondary school, later industrial school, open in Vasa.
  • 1952, 3 Aug
Vasa city devastated by a fire.
  • 1856, 27 May
Österbotten's steamship company built and began with a paddle boat of iron to supply traffic between Österbotten coastal cities and Petersburg.
  • 1857, 1 Sep
Vasa women's school (now Vasa Swedish girl's school) opened.
  • 1858, 13 Jan
Large part of city of Nykarleby burned.
  • 1859, 1 Nov
The first students entered Korsholm's agricultural school.
  • 1859, 1 Dec
A telegraph office opened in Vasa.
  • 1860, 7 Jun
The government agreed that a 4-grade higher elementary school could be established in Gamlakarleby (later Gamlakarleby Swedish middle school).
  • 1862, 26 Jun
Vasa province agricultural society appointed its executive committee meeting in Vasa.
  • 1862, 1 Aug
First day for Vasa as a new city.
  • 1867, 4 Sep
A hard night frost caused the greatest "poor year" of the 1800's in our country.
  • 1870, 21 Apr
Poet Lars Stenbäck died in Storkyro.
  • 1873, 1 Sep
Nykarleby elementary school teachers training college opened.
  • 1875, 15 Feb
The first elementary school in Korsholm and Veikars village opened.
  • 1875, 6 Jul
Agricultural meeting and display in Vörå, where a hay mower was seen in use for the first time in our country.
  • 1879, 23 Jan
Surgeon Johan Jakob Bäck from Nykarleby parish died in Vasa.
  • 1883, 5 Aug
The first national holiday in Swedish Österbotten held in Vörå.
  • 1883, 29 Sep
Vasa highway opened for traffic.
  • 1886, 29 Oct
Östermyra-Uleåborg road opened for traffic.
  • 1887, 10 Jul
Telephone circuit between Kristinestad and Vasa opened for use.
  • 1888, 24 Mar
Malax youth league, the first in Swedish Österbotten, built at the initiative of student Johan Klockars.
  • 1889, 25 Jan
Anders Svedberg of Munsala died.
  • 1891, 3 Nov
Highschool in Kronoby, first in Österbotten, dedicated.
  • 1894, 17-20 Jun
The first singing and music festival in Österbotten held in Vasa together with a big agricultural exhibition.
  • 1897, 24 Jan
Vasa province northern temperance organization established at a meeting in Kronoby.

From "Den Österbottniska Byn" by K. V. Åkerblom

Translated by June Pelo

(Note: I personally found this calendar informative. See following dates: 1652, 27 Oct; Henrik Tavast who established Jakobstad was my 10th great grandfather on my mother's mother's side. 1803, 1 Feb: Anders Chydenius' nephew Gabriel Andersson Chydenius married my 3rd cousin four times removed Brita Magdalena Pettersdotter Pelander. 1804, 5 Feb: Johan Ludvig Runeberg was my father's 5th cousin twice removed; he was also my mother's 5th cousin twice removed, and my 5th cousin 3 times removed.)

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